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Hyperthyroidism

Updated: Nov 7, 2023


Hyperthyroidism

WHAT IS HYPERTHYORIDISM AND ITS INCIDENCE RATE?


Hyperthyroidism is caused by excessive secretion of thyroid hormones. The prevalence of hyperthyroidism in our country is uncertain, but probably around 1-2 %. The disease occurs in all age groups, but is especially common in people between 20 and 40 years. The incidence is 4-5 times higher in women than in men. Autoimmune hyperthyroidism (Graves ‘ disease or Basedow’s disease) is the most common cause in our country (representing 70-80 % of cases).


WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HYPERTHYRODISM?


Autonomous nodules in the thyroid gland are another cause of hyperthyroidism. They may be monofocal (toxic adenoma, ca. 5 %) or multifocal (toxic nodular goiter, ca. 10 %). Autonomous nodules are most common in middle-aged and older persons. Thyroiditis can cause thyrotoxicosis, which is usually short-lived, and resolve without management (representing 10.5 % of the cases). This applies to both autoimmune, drugs triggered Thyroiditis and subacute Thyroiditis. The autoimmune hyperthyroidism is caused by the production of TSH receptor autoantibodies (TRAS) that bind to TSH receptors and stimulates follicular cells to increased secretion and cell division. Toxic adenomas may be due to activating mutations in the TSH receptor. The mutant TSH receptor stimulates follicular cells continuously (constitutive activation), regardless of TSH binding and TSH activation. Hyperthyroidism in Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis is caused by hormone release from the destroyed cells.


WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTHYRODISM?


Common symptoms of thyrotoxicosis are heat intolerance , sweating , weakness , weight loss , irritability, agitation , insomnia , tremor , dyspnoea , palpitations , menstrual disorders . In elderly people, the disease can be a symptom of poor and dominated by a main symptom such as weight loss, edema or atrial fibrillation with or without heart failure.


In pregnant women, symptoms can be difficult to interpret, as they are often easily confused with symptoms that occur in pregnancy. HCG stimulation of the thyroid gland can occur as a physiological effect of HCG. Hyperthyroidism will go often rapidly without management. HCG stimulation can cause interpretation problems of laboratory tests during pregnancy.


HOW CAN AYURVEDA HELP IN HYPERTHYRODISM?


Ayurveda is an ancient Indian system of medicine that makes use of herbs existing in the nature and formulates herbal remedies using the inherent power present in these herbs. We in Ayurveda believe that herbal remedies bring to you the richness of the herbs in a natural, unadulterated form. These combinations help improve immunity and provide strength, endurance and will.


The herbs for hyperthyroidism help improve the hormone levels in a person’s body. The metabolism related disorders are helped, the metabolic state improved and the health restored.


HERBS IN AYURVEDA THAT HELP IN HYPERTHYROIDISM


WITHANIA SOMNIFERA (ASHWAGANDHA)

The ancient Ayurvedic herb Ashwagandha is a multiple benefit herb. It was beneficial effects over the complete human body in a natural way. Ashwagandha helps in cases impotency, stress, constipation, rheumatism and many more chronic ailments. A look at these disorders tells us that they are all related to our life style. The increase in stress and manifold decrease in a healthy diet and lifestyle leads to stress induced disorders including many neurological disorders. People usually complain of stress, fatigue, memory and bodily weakness. Most of us face issues of low stamina and endurance power.​Ashwagandha herb plays a vital role in such cases. It is a great antioxidant and has anti-inflammatory properties. It helps to promote overall well-being of the body and nourishes it with strength and immunity. Apart from these, the herbal product has potential powers to nourish the brain to make the functioning of the brain quicker and sharper. It has dynamic results on the male sexual system as it facilitates quicker and longer lasting erections. Ashwagandha herb is an indispensable part of many of our formulations owing to its benefits. You will find it in ASHWAGANDHA capsules.


​ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS (SHATAVARI)

The botanical name of Shatavari is Asparagus racemosus. The herb has been used for its multiple health benefits over centuries. Its medicinal properties have worked well for nervous and gastric disorders. Ayurvedic physicians have used its beneficial effects for improving female health and female sexual system since centuries. Its main sphere of action is on the female sexual system where it helps to increase the libido thereby helping improve confidence and self esteem.​The usual symptoms seen in women are irritation over petty issues, stress from work or due to other emotional factors, decreased interest and desire for sexuality and low energy complains in performing daily activities. They usually complain of feeling tired all day or the lack of stamina. Shatavari herb helps improve stamina and energy levels in women. It shows wonderful action on the female libido and enduring power that increases self respect and confidence. Shatavari is used in the preparation of Shatavari capsules.


BACOPA MONNEIRI (BRAHMI)

The Brahmi herb is famous for its magnificent properties. A few of its astonishing effects have been proved on conditions like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. It is used by physicians for stress, post-natal depression, anxiety, ADD and epilepsy. It is a major product of many a memory tonics. Stress, anxiety, menstrual disturbances, hair loss and fatigue are a few conditions where the herb has shown positive effects. These anti-oxidants remove the toxins from the body nourishes the blood cells. Another wonderful action of the herb is on the nervous system wherein it works to increase the coordination between the nervous system components thereby increasing the brain functioning. It is therefore used as a brain tonic. For its action on controlling the anxiety of the nervous system the Ayurvedic herb is used as a tranquilizer. The actions of the Brahmi herb over the brain area make it a wonderful tonic to help enhance the mental capabilities of the individual. It affects both the short and the long-term memory. It promotes a relaxed state of mind and nerves, spreading calmness. It takes care of the emotional disturbances; tension caused headaches, feeling of anxiety and depression. The herbal product is highly recommended for people suffering from ADD as it helps them analyze clearly. Brahmi is used in Naari kaliyan churna.






DIET CHART FOR HYPERTHYRODISM
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