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Primary Polycythemia Vera

Updated: Nov 7, 2023

Primary Polycythemia Vera

Primary Polycythemia Vera is a disorder of the bone marrow. It begins in the soft center of the bone marrow. The red blood cells of the bone marrow starts multiplying in number. And, this multiplication, if takes place abnormally gives rise to the condition of Primary Polycythemia Vera. The blood becomes very thick. This may also result in stroke, heart attack or blood clots. This disorder usually develops over a period of time. And, it often becomes life threatening, if not diagnosed and treated properly on time.

This disorder is also known by several names. These are Polycythemia, Erythremia, Vaquez disease, Polycythemia Rubra Vera and Osler - Vaquez disease.

Causes Of Primary Polycythemia Vera

One doesn't catch this disorder just like a flu. It occurs due to the malfunctioning of a gene in the body. This gene takes care of the fact that the bone marrow produces a proper number of blood cells in the body. It makes sure that excessive red blood cells are not formed in the bone marrow of the individuals. There not only occurs an increase in the number of red blood cells, the counts of the platelets and white blood cells also increase significantly. Though rarely, but children may inherit this disease from their parents.

Symptoms Of Primary Polycythemia Vera

The symptoms often go unnoticed in the beginning. Still, some of the symptoms of Primary Polycythemia Vera are the following:

  • Headache

  • Seeing blind spots and dark spots that appear for a fraction of a second.

  • Double vision

  • Sweating

  • Itching

  • Redness of the face

  • Dizziness

  • Weakness

  • Shortness of breath

  • Weight loss

  • Burning sensation of the feet

  • Tingling sensation in the body

  • Inflammations

  • Swelling in joints

  • Angina or chest pain

Risk Factors Of Primary Polycythemia Vera

This is a life threatening disorder. This, if not treated properly in due course of time would definitely lead to death.


  • Stroke

  • Heart Attacks

  • Blood clots

Ayurvedic Aspect Of Primary Polycythemia Vera

Ayurveda, the science of healing is known for leading a healthy life using the natural approach. A patient suffering from Primary Polycythemia Vera has a high level of Pitta energy in his body. The skin and the blood are governed by this energy of nature. There is also some involvement of Vata energy in the body. This often leads to enlargement of spleen, joint pains and other painful disorders.

Ayurveda considers this disease as Rakta dhatu vridhi which is due to weak agni of Rakta dhatu. To provide treatment to such patient, it is important to clean the majja (marrow) and rakta (blood) dhatus of the body. Also, it is essential to maintain a balance between the pitta energy of the body as well.

Diet Chart for Primary Polycythemia Vera
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